Who is Affected?

In the United States people are often surprised when they learn that a person who is not African American has sickle cell disease. The disease originated in at least 4 places in Africa and in the Indian/Saudi Arabian subcontinent. It exists in all countries of Africa and in areas where Africans have migrated.

It is most common in West and Central Africa where as many as 25% of the people have sickle cell trait and 1-2% of all babies are born with a form of the disease. In the United States with an estimated population of over 270 million, about 1,000 babies are born with sickle cell disease each year. In contrast, Nigeria, with an estimated 1997 population of 90 million, 45,000-90,000 babies with sickle cell disease are born each year.

The transatlantic slave trade was largely responsible for introducing the sickle cell gene into the Americas and the Caribbean. However, sickle cell disease had already spread from Africa to Southern Europe by the time of the slave trade, so it is present in Portuguese, Spaniards, French Corsicans, Sardinians, Sicilians, mainland Italians, Greeks, Turks and Cypriots. Sickle cell disease appears in most of the Near and Middle East countries including Lebanon, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Yemen.

The condition has also been reported in India and Sri Lanka. Sickle cell disease is an international health problem and truly a global challenge.

All these countries must work together to solve the problem and find effective treatments and ultimately a cure. The knowledge and expertise in the management of sickle cell disease acquired in the technologically advanced countries must be shared with the less developed countries where patients die at alarming rates.

They are you website people!
© 2007 Everything Sickle Cell
Website by
Designs by Mapillar
Many thanks to VodaHost for this FREE DOMAIN
Please visit the source of this article
Join us on the forum
What's your mood today?  Click on one of the text links to change page to the color of your mood or click here to find out the meaning of the colors.
Sickle Cell FAQ's
E-mail this page to a friend!
Disclaimer: Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider.
Article courtesy of
Introduction
Causes
Children
Clinical Trials
Complications
Coping skills
Diagnosis/Symptoms
Dictionaries/Glossaries
Directories
Genetics
Journal Articles
Key points
Latest news
Law and Policy
Organizations
Prevention/Screening
Related Issues
Research
Risk factors
Self-care
Sickle Cell Disease and Stroke
Statistics
Teenagers
Treatment